South Dakota Census Records
South Dakota Census Notes
Dakota Territory Census Records: What is today known as North Dakota and South Dakota was established in 1861 as Dakota Territory. Territorial census records for Dakota Territory were enumerated in 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1885. These records include all counties in both North Dakota and South Dakota. See 1885 Special Territorial Census of South Dakota at Ancestry.
Federal South Dakota Census Records are available to the public for the following census years: 1860 Dakota Territory, 1870 Dakota Territory, 1880 Dakota Territory, 1900, 1910, 1920 & 1930. See 1790-1940 US Census Records at Ancestry.
1890 Federal South Dakota Census Records were destroyed by a 1921 warehouse fire with the exception of one family in Jefferson Township of Union County. The 1890 Veterans and Widows census schedules did survive the fire and are often used as a helpful census substitute for the lost 1890 South Dakota census records. See A Fire Destroyed The 1890 Census, Bridging the 1890 Census Gap & 1890 Veterans Schedules at Ancestry.
South Dakota State Census Records: The state of South Dakota took the first state census in 1895 and every decade thereafter. State census years include 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925, 1935 & 1945. The 1905 SD state census included land descriptions. This is helpful to the genealogist as these land descriptions can be used to locate Federal land records. See 1895 State Census of South Dakota at Ancestry & 1905-1945 SD State Census at Family Search
SD Indian Census Records: There were several early censuses of South Dakota's Indian Reservations. Many of these are available on microfilm at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, The National Archives and in the South Dakota State Historical Society. See 1885-1940 US Indian Census Records at Ancestry & National Archives Indian Rolls Information & Guide to American Indian Research in SD.
NOTE: it is extremely important to conduct genealogy research in all counties surrounding the county or area where you have found your ancestors in South Dakota. The boundary lines of SD counties changed frequently and often times, counties were added to other counties or people in one county did business in the courthouse of another county. See South Dakota: Consolidated Chronology of State and County Boundaries.
South Dakota Census Records
On CD ROM
South Dakota Census Records &
South Dakota Vital Records
Dept. of Health
600 East Capitol
Pierre, SD 57501-2536
Phone: (605) 773-3361
TOLL FREE: 1-800-738-2301
Births, deaths, marriages and divorces from 1905 to the present are on file at the Dept. of Health in the state office and at the county level.
NOTE:Marriages before 1950 and deaths before 1960 are only available for same day issuance at the County of occurrence.
Wills and probates are on file in each county with the Clerk of the Court.
SD Vital Record Databases
Newspapers & Obituaries
South Dakota Genealogy Links
SD Native American Records
South Dakota Books Online
by Edward Elliott Collins 1937.
by Caleb Holt Ellis, 1909
by John B. Perkins, 1908
by O. W. Coursey 1910.
US Census Records
FREE Genealogy Tools
(Territory 1861. Statehood 1889)
The Dakotas were part of the Louisiana Purchase. Prior to 1820, Dacotah was part of Missouri Territory. At different points in time, the western half was attached to Nebraska Territory, while the eastern half was included in Michigan, Minnesota, Iowa, and Wisconsin Territories. The area became known as Dakota Territory in 1861. In 1863, the Homestead Act was passed and settlers flooded into the territory. Dakota Territory was split into North and South Dakota in 1887.
Statewide South Dakota Census Records Online
Other SD Statewide Genealogy Records Used as Census Substitutes
SD Census Records Online by County
Armstrong County Census Records (Formed 1873 from Charles Mix and Hutchinson Counties. In 1879 it was annexed to Hutchinson County. Reorganized in 1895 from unorganized territory and parts of Cheyenne, Rusk County and Stanley County. The county originally included much of the southern part of what it now the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation. In 1898 part of this county was annexed to Stanley County and in 1911, the western part of this county was given to establish Ziebach County. Armstrong County was eliminated in 1952/1953 when the remaining land was annexed into Dewey County.
Aurora County Census Records (Formed 1879 from Cragin County which was eliminated.)
Beadle County Census Records (Formed 1879 from Clark, Spink, Kingsbury and Burchard Counties. Burchard County was eliminated at that time.)
1931 Phone Directory for:
Bennett County Census Records (Formed 1909 from from Lugenbeel County, Shannon County, Washabaugh County and Washington County which are all extinct now. Bennett County was attached to Fall River County until April 27, 1912 when Bennett County was fully organized.)
1916 Polk Business Directory (files arranged by township)
Big Sioux (Extinct County. See Minnehaha County.)
No known census online. Submit census links for inclusion in Census Finder's Directory.
Bon Homme County Census Records (Formed 1862 from unorganized Dakota Territory.)
1888 Methodist Episcopal Church Members (Files of Bon Homme County townships, indexed by surname)
1909 & 1916 Business Directory (Files of Bon Homme County townships, indexed by surname)
Boreman County Census Records (Formed 1873. In 1895, Boreman County was attached to Campbell County. In 1900, the residents of Boreman County were included in the Standing Rock Indian reservation census records. In 1909, Boreman County was eliminated and lands given to Corson County.)
1909-1910 Business Directory (Files of Boreman County townships, indexed by surname)
Brookings County Census Records (Formed 1862 from Dakota Territory - Original SD County.)
1888 Methodist Episcopal Church Members (Files of Brookings County townships, indexed by surname)
1909 & 1916 Business Directory (Files of Brookings County townships, indexed by surname)
WWII Enlistments for Surnames:
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CensusFinder.com wishes you the greatest success in discovering your ancestry and climbing your family tree.
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