Oregon Census Records
Oregon Census Notes
The first Oregon census was enumerated in 1842 and included persons in Oregon Territory who lived south of the Columbia River in Oregon Country.
1845 census records for Oregon Territory were enumerated and survived for the following counties: Champoic (now Marion County), Clackamas, Clatsop, Tuality (now Washington County), and Yamhill.
1845-1846 census records for Oregon Territory were enumerated and survived for Tuality County (now Washington County).
1846 census records for Oregon Territory were enumerated and survived for Yamhill County only.
A special 1849 Oregon census which only enumerated males over age 21, was taken and survived intact.
Washington Territory was carved from Oregon Territory in 1853 and census enumerations were taken for large portions of Oregon Territory in 1853, 1854, 1855, 1856, 1857, 1858 and 1859.
*NOTE: Many of the early Oregon Territorial censuses listed above are included in the 1841-1890 Oregon Census Records Collection at Ancestry.
Oregon State Census records were enumerated every 10 years between 1865 and 1905. These are sparse and incomplete.
The following Oregon State censuses survived:
1865 Benton, Columbia, Marion and Umatilla Counties.
1875 Lake, Umatilla and Wasco Counties.
1885 Linn and Umatilla Counties.
1895 Linn, Marion, Morrow and Multnomah Counties.
1905 Baker, Lane, Linn and Marion Counties.
*NOTE: Many of the early Oregon State census records listed above are included in the 1841-1890 Oregon Census Records Collection at Ancestry.
Federal Oregon census records begin with the Oregon Territorial census taken in 1850. A Federal census was conducted every ten years thereafter. The following census years are available to the public:1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920 & 1930. See Oregon Territory Census, 1850 & 1790-1940 US Census Records at Ancestry.
1890 Federal census schedules were destroyed by a 1921 warehouse fire, however the 1890 Veterans and Widows census survived the fire and may provide a helpful census substitute. See A Fire Destroyed The 1890 Census, Bridging the 1890 Census Gap & 1890 Veterans Schedules at Ancestry.
Native American Census Enumerations in Oregon: NARA film #595 contains many relevant census enumerations taken by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Also See US, Cherokee Baker Roll and Records, 1924-1929.
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Oregon Census Records &
Oregon Vital Records
800 NE Oregon Street, Ste 205
PO Box 14050
Portland, OR 97293
Phone: (503) 731-4108
Info Line: (503) 731-4095
Birth & death records 1903-present are on file in the above office.
Marriage records 1907-present are on file in the above office.
Earlier Marriage records (some as early as 1840's) are on file with County Clerks in the individual counties.
OR Vital Record Databases Online
OR Newspapers & Obituaries
Oregon Genealogy Links
US Census Records
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(Territory 1848. Statehood 1859.)
Oregon Territory, established in 1848, originally held present day Idaho and Washington along with some parts of Montana and Wyoming.
Beginning in 1850, the Oregon Trail running from Independence, Missouri, brought massive wagon trains westward. These early settlers packed up everything they owned, sold what they couldn't take and began the long trek across the prairies and the Rocky Mountains, in search of an opportunity called "FREE LAND". Large parcels of land were given to anyone who would live on and farm the land for four years. People worldwide flocked to Oregon between 1840 and 1850 seeking land and increasing the population rapidly. Many lives were lost on this long and perilous journey. See: 1792-1838 Arrivals in Oregon & 1852 Oregon Trail Deaths.
Statewide Oregon Census Records Online
Other Statewide Oregon Genealogy Records of Interest
Indexes of Early settlers of Oregon Territory
OR Census Records Online by County
(Formed 1862 from Wasco County.)
Benton County Census Records
(Formed 1847 from Polk County.)
(Formed 1843 - Original County. Name changed to Marion County 3 September 1849.)
(Formed 1843 - Original County.)
(Formed 1844 as an original county and named Vancouver District. On 15 June 1846, Vancouver (now Clark) was lost to British North America. Renamed Clark County on 3 September 1849. On 2 March 1853, Clark County, Oregon Territory became part of Washington State. Until 1925, the county was spelled Clarke.)
Oregon Census Finder is a tool designed to help you find sites which offer free Oregon census records online. We cannot be held responsible for the content of those sites. We are not responsible for errors in census records & genealogy data found on sites outside of Census Finder. Genealogy data and information found online, should always be documented.
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