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Our mission is to provide access to all available census records online. This includes both free and paid subscriptions. Our census directory can be found below. Ancestry.com has completed every name indexing of all U.S. census records 1790-1940 and the images are online. Search these in the searchbox at right.

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New York Census Notes

Federal New York Census Records were taken every decade beginning in 1790. They are available to the public for census years 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920 & 1930. See 1790-1940 US Census Records at Ancestry.

1890 Federal New York Census Records were destroyed in a 1921 warehouse fire with the exception of some small fragments of Suffolk and Westchester Counties. See Bridging the 1890 Census Gap.

The 1890 Veterans and Widows census schedules for New York state did survive and are often used as a helpful census substitute. See 1890 Veterans Schedules at Ancestry.

Soundex code (phonetic indexes) for New York Federal census records are available on microfilm for census years: 1880,  1900, and 1920.

New York State Census Records Availability - Due to the high volume of immigration, the state of New York took a census enumeration every 10 years between 1825 and 1875, then again in 1892, 1905, 1915 and 1925. NY state censuses taken before 1915 are kept at the county level. Contact the County Clerk in the county of interest to ask where the originals are held for that county.  The 1865 & 1875 NY state census records included schedules which recorded marriages and deaths occurring in the census year. These may prove helpful if you are lucky enough to have ancestors who had these events occur during the census year.  Most of the New York state census records are not indexed.  Some of these early NY state censuses are available online at New York State Census Collection at Ancestry. For more helpful information about these early NY censuses See More New York State Census Records Info.

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Questions In The Census

Learn what questions were asked in each census year and where to find census records online.  This section of Census Finder covers each census year from 1790-1940 and will give you clues and tips to help you learn to locate your ancestors quickly in census records.


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New York

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Vital Records Section
Empire State Plaza
Albany, NY 12237
Phone:  (518) 474-3077

Info Line:  (518) 474-3038

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New York

(Statehood: 1788)


Statewide New York Census Records Online

1774-1776 Inhabitants of New York at Ancestry

1790-1890 New York Census at Ancestry

1790 Federal Census of the US at the U. S. Census Bureau

1840 Census of Pensioners in New York

1850 Federal Census Index and 1850 Census Images

1850 Federal Census Mortality Schedules Index and Images

1860 Federal Census Index

1865 New York State Census Index and Images

1870 Federal Census Index and 1870 Census Images

1880 Federal Census - Search and View the images

1880 Federal Census Search at Family Search

1880, 1892 & 1905 New York State Census Collection at Ancestry

1892 New York State Census Index and Images

1900 Federal Census Index and 1900 Census Images

1905 New York State Census Index and Images

1910 Federal Census Index

1920 Federal Census Index

1930 Federal Census Index at Family Search

1940 Federal Census Index and 1940 Census Images

New York State Databases of Census Records & Genealogy Records

 

Other NY Statewide Genealogy Records Used as Census Substitutes

1693 Civil List of Province of New Yorke

1700 Militia Officers in the Province of New Yorke

 


NY Census Records Online by County

New York County (formed 1683 - Original County)

1703 Census Records of New York City

1860 Federal Census of Castle Garden

1860 Federal Census of Canal Boats at Castle Garden

1860 Federal Census of Castle Garden - Shipping

1860 Federal Census of Governors Island

1870 Federal Census of Ward Island Asylum

1880 Federal Census of New York Juvenile Asylum

1880 Federal Census of New York Juvenile Asylum - House of Reception

1890 New York Police Census of Orphans at the New York Foundling Hospital

Other Records

Port of New York City Ship Passenger Lists

1665-1811 Wills Index

1834-1853 23rd Street Presbyterian Church History and Membership Lists

1930 Classified Business Directory of New York City

 


Niagara County (formed 1808 from Genesee)

1850 Federal Census Index of Wheatfield - Surnames A-Fis

1850 Federal Census Index of Wheatfield - Surnames Fist-Mel

1850 Federal Census Index of Wheatfield - Surnames Mela-Smo

1850 Federal Census Index of Wheatfield - Surnames Smoy-Zoc

1850 Federal Census Transcription of Wheatfield - Pages 148B-155A

1850 Federal Census Transcription of Wheatfield - Pages 155B-162A

1850 Federal Census Transcription of Wheatfield - Pages 162B-169A

1850 Federal Census Transcription of Wheatfield - Pages 169B-176A

1850 Federal Census Transcription of Wheatfield - Pages 176B-180A

Other Records

1820-1901 Wills Index

1869-1897 Bapstism at St. Mary's Catholic Church in Lockport

 


Oneida County (formed 1798 from Herkimer)

1790 Federal Census of Whitestown - Became part of Oneida

1800 Federal Census Index (partial)

1800 Federal Census Index in Enumeration Order (partial)

1800 Federal Census - Files arranged by township

1820 Federal Census Records Index (partial)

1820 Federal Census Records Transcription (partial) - Use with above index.

1820 Federal Census - Files arranged by township

1850 Federal Census Transcription of Bridgewater Twp.

1850 Federal Census Transcription of Bridgewater Twp. - Pages 58A-66B

1850 Federal Census Transcription of Bridgewater Twp. - Pages 67A-73B

Other Records

1874 City Directory for Utica located here.

 


Onondaga County (formed 1794 from Herkimer)

1800-1840 Federal Census Names Index for Marcellus

1850 Federal Census Index for Onondaga Twp.

Surnames starting with:

[A-B]   [C-E]   [F-J]   [K-O]   [P-V]   [W-Z]
1850 Federal Census Transcription of Onondaga Twp. - Use above index.

1850 Federal Census Names Index for Town of Marcellus

1855 State Census Names Index of the Town of Marcellus

1860 Federal Census Names Index for Town of Marcellus

1860 Federal Census Index of Tully Twp.

1860 Federal Census Transcription of Tully Twp. - Pages 1-17

1860 Federal Census Transcription of Tully Twp. - Pages 18-24

1865 State Census Names Index of the Town of Marcellus

1870 Federal Census Names Index for Town of Marcellus

1875 State Census Names Index of the Town of Marcellus

1880 Federal Census Names Index for Town of Marcellus

1892 State Census Names Index of the Town of Marcellus

1900 Federal Census Names Index of the Town of Marcellus

Other Records

1800s Records of Christ Church in Manlius

Civil War Servicemen from Manilius, NY

 


Ontario County (formed 1789 from Montgomery)

1790 Federal Census Index (partial)

1790 Federal Census Records

1800 Federal Census Complete Index

1800 Federal Census Complete Transcription - Part 1

1800 Federal Census Complete Transcription - Part 2

1800 Federal Census Index (partial)

1800 Federal Census Records of Northampton

1810 Federal Census Index (partial)

1810 Federal Census Records of Avon

1810 Federal Census Records of Caledonia

1810 Federal Census Records of Geneseo

1810 Federal Census Records of Lima

1810 Federal Census Records of Livonia

1810 Federal Census Records of Naples

1810 Federal Census Records of Sparta

1820 Federal Census Index (partial)

1850-1875 Census Records for Ontario County

Other Records

Revolutionary War Pension Index

1795-1884 Wills Index

 


Orange County Census Records (formed 1683 - Original County

1702 Census Records

1820 Federal Census Index (partial)

1820 Federal Census Transcription.  (partial)

Pages: 

[192-202A]    [202B-211A]    [211B-223A]
[223B-236B]    [237A-246B]    [223B-236B]

Other Records

Land Record Indexes

1787-1837 Will Indexes

 


Orleans County Census Records (formed 1824 from Genesee)

1830 Federal Census

1850 Federal Census Index & Transcription

1855 State Census Index and Transcription

1865 State Census Index and Transcription

1875 State Census Index and Transcription

1892 State Census Index and Transcription

1900 Federal Census Index and Transcription

1915 State Census Index and Transcription

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New York Census Finder Counties

Albany-Chatauqua

New York-Orleans

Chemung-Erie

Oswego-Saratoga

Essex-Greene

Schenectady-St. Lawrence

Hamilton-Kings

Steuben-Tompkins

Lewis-Nassau

Tryon-Yates

Herkimer County Census  |  St. Lawrence County Census  |  Wayne County Census

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HOME    County Maps  Genealogy Societies  Census Questions by Decade  Historical Museums  Spotlite  Links  Link to us!

Genealogy Sources:   Ancestry.com   US Vital Records  CensusDiggins.com   Ancestor Hunt   Surname Search

 

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