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1900 Census Findings

Free Download:  Blank 1900 Census Form needed to record your ancestors in the 1900 census.

What information can be found in the 12th Federal Census of the United States?

Questions Asked on the 1900 Census



     Blank Column # Street.

     Blank Column # House Number.

Column  1: Number of dwelling house in the order of visitation.

Column  2: Number of family in the order of visitation.



of each person whose place of abode on June 1, 1900, was in this family.

Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial if any.

Include every person living on June 1, 1900.

Omit children born since June 1, 1900.

Column  3: NAME.



Column  4: Relationship of each person to the head of the family.



Column  5: Color or race.

Column  6: Sex.


     Column  7: Month | Year.

Column  8: Age at last birthday.

Column  9: Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.

Column  10: Number of years of present marriage.

Column  11: Mother of how many children.

Column  12: Number of these children living.



Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. 

If born in United States, give state or territory.

If foreign birth, give the country.

Column  13: Place of birth of this person.

Column  14: Place of birth of Father of this person.

Column  15: Place of birth of Mother of this person.



Column  16: Year of immigration to the U.S.

Column  17: Number of years in the U.S.

Column  18: Naturalization.



of each person TEN YEARS of age and over.

Column  19: Occupation.

Column  20: Months not employed.



Column  21: Attended school (in months).

Column  22: Can read.

Column  23: Can write.

Column  24: Can speak English.



Column  25: Owned or Rented.

Column  26: Owned free or mortgaged.

Column  27: Farm or house.

Column  28: Number of farm schedule.


Good Sense Census Tips:

The 1900 census provided columns for the month and year of birth for EVERY PERSON.  This is the only census which provides this information, allowing researchers to more closely pinpoint the age and birth date of their ancestors.

Another great clue in the 1900 census is the addition of questions about the number of years married and number of children born to a mother along with how many are still living.  This will help you determine if a person has been married before, a second wife, a second husband, and very importantly if the children listed in the household are all the children of the wife shown.

 If you are researching an immigrant ancestor in the 1900 time period, you will be able to see the year of immigration and information about naturalization, making it easier to gather records about these individuals.

Soundex: The 1900 census has been "soundexed".  The soundexing system uses a numbering system for letters allowing a name to  be  indexed by the way it sounds, rather than the way it is spelled.  The census was indexed by Soundex code on index cards which in turn have been recorded on microfilm which is housed at NARA, the LDS Library in Salt Lake City and various libraries.  Each index card lists all family members making it easier to find someone in the 1900 census records.

1900 Census Records Online at Ancestry - Learn about the 1900 Census Records & how to access the census index and images.

Free Download:  Blank 1900 Census Form will come in handy to record your ancestors in the 1900 census. 

See 1900 census form headers - This is the actual top of the census form used to record the 1900 census.

Which States Were Included in 1900 Census Records?

All of the United States, it's territories and the District of Columbia were enumerated in the 1900 census records.


Where Can 1900 US Census Data be found?

1. Census Finder Census Directory - This is our own directory of free census records which can be found online.  Our directory is categorized by state and county and we have attempted to list every census index, census transcription, and even census images which can be found online. 

To access the directory, Choose a State: Alabama Census, Alaska Census, Arizona Census, Arkansas Census, California Census, Colorado Census, Connecticut Census, Delaware Census, District of Columbia Census, Florida Census, Georgia Census, Hawaii Census, Idaho Census, Illinois Census, Indiana Census, Iowa Census, Kansas Census, Kentucky Census, Louisiana Census, Maine Census, Maryland CensusMassachusetts Census, Michigan Census, Minnesota Census, Mississippi Census, Missouri Census, Montana Census, Nebraska Census, Nevada Census, New Hampshire Census, New Jersey Census, New Mexico Census, New York Census, North Carolina Census, North Dakota Census, Ohio Census, Oklahoma Census, Oregon Census, Pennsylvania Census, Rhode Island Census, South Carolina Census, South Dakota Census, Tennessee Census, Texas Census, Utah Census, Vermont Census, Virginia Census, Washington Census, West Virginia Census, Wisconsin Census, Wyoming Census


2. Ancestry.com Census Records   Ancestry.com has completed the database of all US census records 1790-1940.  This is the greatest tool for genealogy research in the United States to be found online and it does include the entire collection of 1900 census records enumerated in the United States.  While it is a paid subscription, it is well worth the money and they have so many more genealogy records in their databases.


3. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)  The archives maintained by the Federal US Government contains all United States Federal census records on microfilm.  They are in the process of placing their census collections online.  On their site, you will find an online catalog of available microfilm and a lot of useful information about what is available for census research.  See Clues in Census Records 1850-1930.


4. FamilySearch.org The LDS (Latter Day Saints) Library in Salt Lake City also maintains the entire set of US Federal census microfilm and these can also be found or ordered for a fee at Family History Libraries located throughout the United States.  You can search for a Family History Library near you using this search The LDS Church is also putting many census records and genealogical indexes online and these can be accessed on their site.  Search at FamilySearch.org at Discover Your Family History and you may also view the entire list of LDS online records here.


5. Local libraries will often have history and genealogy departments with a (usually incomplete) collection of microfilm available for research and sometimes they will offer their patrons online subscriptions which can be accessed while at the library.


What questions were asked on the US Census?

Choose a year: 1790 Census Questions, 1800 Census Questions, 1810 Census Questions, 1820 Census Questions, 1830 Census Questions, 1840 Census Questions, 1850 Census Questions, 1860 Census Questions, 1870 Census Questions, 1880 Census Questions, 1890 Census Questions, 1900 Census Questions, 1910 Census Questions, 1920 Census Questions, 1930 Census Questions, 1940 Census Questions

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